Amid Continued Violence, Arbitrary Arrests in Libya, International Criminal Court Pursuing New, Outstanding Arrest Warrants, Prosecutor Tells Security Council

Source: UN News - View Original Article
Published: May 06, 2020
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51% Conservative


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United Nations

Sentiments

99% "There can be no doubt that anyone who incites or commits serious crimes in Libya today is liable prosecution, she said, while simultaneously voicing ..."
95% "The Libyan judiciary is committed to ensuring a fair and impartial trial for all those who are wanted, including fugitives and outlaws, and monitors ..."
94% "Libya has issued warrants for the arrest of several individuals, first and foremost General Haftar and leaders under his command.""
93% "The representative of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines said the Court has a fundamental role to play in the collective quest for peace and ..."
92% "An inclusive political solution -- as set out by the Berlin Conference -- offers the best hope for the stability and future prosperity that ..."
91% "She also drew the Council's attention to a spike in hate speech, warning that it can deepen social divisions and foments conditions in which ..."

We have listed the top 10 sentiments. More sentiments do exist. Please review the full article for more information.



*Our bias meter rating uses data science including sentiment analysis, machine learning and our proprietary algorithm for determining biases in news articles. The rating is an independent analysis and is not affiliated nor sponsored by the news source or any other organization

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Contributing sentiments towards policy:

99% : There can be no doubt that anyone who incites or commits serious crimes in Libya today is liable prosecution, she said, while simultaneously voicing concern about obstacles blocking the Prosecutor's Office from executing three outstanding arrest warrants. "
95% : Welcoming the cooperation of many countries, including the Libyan Government of National Accord, she emphasized that military leaders may be held accountable for crimes committed by troops under their control.
95% : The representative of Tunisia expressed regret that prospects for justice and lasting peace remain elusive nearly a decade after the Council first referred the Libyan situation to the Court.
95% : The Libyan judiciary is committed to ensuring a fair and impartial trial for all those who are wanted, including fugitives and outlaws, and monitors all crimes committed on its territory.
94% : The international community must continue to help the country achieve peace, stability and development while fully respecting its independence, unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity, he said.
94% : Libya has issued warrants for the arrest of several individuals, first and foremost General Haftar and leaders under his command.
93% : The representative of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines said the Court has a fundamental role to play in the collective quest for peace and justice.
92% : Spotlighting Libya's security challenges -- as well as those created by COVID-19 -- he condemned indiscriminate shelling and airstrikes as well as attacks against civilians and instances of arbitrary detention, enforced disappearance, torture and extrajudicial killings.
92% : An inclusive political solution -- as set out by the Berlin Conference -- offers the best hope for the stability and future prosperity that the Libyan people need and deserve, she said.
91% : She also drew the Council's attention to a spike in hate speech, warning that it can deepen social divisions and foments conditions in which genocide can occur.
90% : Several delegates emphasized that peace will never be achieved in Libya without justice, nor can justice prosper in the absence of peace.
89% : The way forward is a return to impartial diplomatic work and negotiations, he said, adding: "It is up to Libyans to determine the future of their country.
89% : Coalition bombings and destruction remain invisible to the Court, and even fighters from Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/Da'esh) somehow remain outside its scope of engagement, he said.
88% : Calling for such crimes to be investigated and prosecuted, as they may constitute war crimes, he emphasized that the Court cannot be effective without cooperation from all stakeholders.
87% : Several other speakers agreed that the Court should take a back seat to national prosecutions or voiced concern over elements of its scope and mandate.
86% : Turning to the crime of enforced disappearance -- which spreads terror within a society and inflicts suffering on the families of victims -- she spotlighted the case of Siham Sergewa, a member of the Libyan House of Representatives who was kidnapped from her home in Benghazi in July 2019 and is still missing.
86% : Commanders have a responsibility both to prevent or repress the commission of crimes by their forces, and to submit any such crimes for investigation and prosecution," she concluded.
86% : The representative of Viet Nam struck a similar tone, noting that continued violence and attacks on civilians will only worsen the Libyan people's suffering -- especially during the pandemic.
83% : Cooperation between the Council and States parties to the Rome Statute is vital to advance those cases, he said, welcoming the Libyan authorities' continued cooperation.
82% : Such crimes are all too common," she said, noting that her Office recently adopted a useful new cooperation strategy to exchange information with relevant States and organizations.
82% : China's representative welcomed all the efforts to ensure a lasting ceasefire, especially during the month of Ramadan and amid the COVID-19 pandemic.
82% : Also participating was the representative of Germany.
79% : Escalating violence, continued indiscriminate abductions, arbitrary detentions and extrajudicial killings are unacceptable, she added, expressing concern that Siham Sergewa remains missing.
78% : However, some also voiced concern that no warrants have yet been executed in Libya, and that three high-profile fugitives remain at large.
78% : Belgium's representative also voiced unwavering support to the Court while condemning recent threats made against its officials and their families.
78% : To that point, the representative of the Dominican Republic stressed: "Health systems around the world are collapsing due to the COVID-19 pandemic, but hospitals are still being hit by indiscriminate attacks in Libya.
77% : Noting that her team is forging ahead with its work despite the exceptional circumstances brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic, she announced that -- while three arrest warrants in the Libya case remain unexecuted -- the situation continues to be a priority and her Office is now working on applications for several new warrants.
77% : The representative of South Africa said the Prosecutor Office's greatest obstacle remains the continued non-execution of arrest warrants.
76% : The representative of Niger echoed that sentiment, urging full cooperation with the Court.
75% : More than a year after soldiers outside Government control launched a deadly offensive to seize its capital, Libya is still suffering high levels of violence and attacks against civilians for which perpetrators must be held to account, said the International Criminal Court's senior prosecutor in a 5 May videoconference meeting* of the Security Council.
75% : Calling on all States to respect their treaty obligations, cooperate with the Court and adhere to the principles and purposes of the United Nations Charter, she encouraged countries that have not yet done so to ratify the Rome Statute.
75% : The representative of Estonia, Council President for May, spoke in his national capacity, affirming his country's support for the Court.
75% : He welcomed progress by the Prosecutor's Office in bringing additional submissions concerning migrant-related crimes, while noting the apparent lack of enforcement of existing arrest warrants.
75% : The representative of the United States described it as shameful that some of the most notorious perpetrators of crimes in Libya continue to enjoy impunity.
74% : Spotlighting the Rome Statute's complementarity mandate, he urged the international community to support the empowerment of Libya's judicial system.
74% : Indonesia's delegate joined other speakers in calling for an immediate end to hostilities and military operations in Libya and urging the parties to resume "5+5" Joint Military Commission talks.
74% : Libya's delegate underlined his country's continued cooperation with the Court, while also emphasizing that the search for justice falls under the auspices of national sovereignty.
72% : As Council members delivered statements, many welcomed the International Criminal Court's work in Libya -- including its advancing investigations of crimes committed against migrants and refugees -- and hailed the Government of National Accord's cooperation with the Prosecutor's Office.
70% : Emphasizing that the aggressor continues his attacks despite a false announcement of a humanitarian truce, he said there can be no doubt whether to consider him an obstructionist and spoiler to Libya's peace process.
69% : France's delegate was among those speakers who expressed their countries' support for the Court, stressing that it must be able to act independently and impartially.
69% : He added that while his country is a strong supporter of accountability and justice for victims, it has long stood against assertions of the Court's jurisdiction over nationals of States that are not parties to the Rome Statute absent a referral by the Council or the consent of such States.
67% : The Council, the African Union and other stakeholders must join efforts to bring about an early end to those clashes, he stressed.
67% : " Reiterating the need to protect civilians, civilian infrastructure, historical sites and religious buildings, he underscored the Court's important deterrent effect, "especially in this moment when multilateralism is facing grave challenges".
67% : Among other things, he welcomed efforts by the Prosecutor's Office to exchange information with stakeholders in a manner that supports national authorities' investigations and prosecutions of migrant-related crimes.
64% : Pledging her country's support to the Court, she called on all relevant States -- including those which are not party to the Rome Statute -- to cooperate in the arrest and surrender of warranted individuals.
62% : Turning to outstanding warrants for the arrest of two other prominent figures, Al-Tuhamy Khaled and Mahmoud al-Werfalli, she said that Egypt -- where the former is believed to reside -- has thus far not arrested and surrendered him.
62% : He stressed that serious crimes are still being committed in Libya, including the bombardment of several hospitals in Tripoli -- one of which was treating COVID-19 patients -- and the disruption of water, gas and electricity supplies amid the pandemic. "What is [the Court] waiting for to hold accountable all those responsible for these violations [...] committed by the so-called 'National Army'?
62% : ", he asked.
61% : Political and other leaders have a special responsibility to refrain from such speech and lead by example, she said.
61% : The representative of the Russian Federation emphasized that there is no viable military solution to the 9-year-old conflict in Libya, which has its roots in the gross distortion of a 2011 Council resolution.
60% : Pointing out that some 13 months have elapsed since the Libyan National Army -- led by General Khalifa Haftar -- launched its offensive to capture Tripoli, she said concerns remain about clashes, attacks on civilians and civilian infrastructure, arbitrary detention and the mistreatment of migrants and refugees.
59% : All competent authorities should facilitate the immediate arrest of the three outstanding fugitives in the Libya case and surrender them to the Court, he said.
57% : The most pressing priority remains ensuring the commitment of the Libyan parties to a permanent ceasefire, paving the way for a political process and the fight against COVID-19, he said.
56% : Emphasizing that those crimes -- including attacks against hospitals and schools -- are prohibited under the Court's Rome Statute, she added that persons detained without due process are at high risk of torture, sexual violence or murder. "
56% : Drawing attention to other serious crimes -- such as support provided to criminals by third party States, the use of mercenaries and the provision of financing and arms -- he urged the Court to cooperate with the Council's sanctions committee and panel of experts to ensure consistency among all evidence and findings.
54% : Welcoming stepped up efforts by the United Nations to distribute extra emergency supplies, he also called for an expansion of humanitarian corridors and expressed concern about the rising numbers of civilian casualties.
52% : In that regard, he welcomed progress made by the Prosecutor's Office -- including its advancing investigations of migrant-related crimes -- and called on Member States to cooperate with those efforts.
50% : Condemning recent violence and demanding the safety and protection of civilians in Libya, she reiterated the importance of consolidating the Organization's three-point plan and the crucial work of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL).
48% : Outlining the Court's judicial work, she said its Appeals Chamber rejected an appeal by Saif al-Islam Qadhafi -- the son of Libya's former President, the late Muammar Qadhafi -- finding that his case is admissible to the Court and his arrest warrant remains enforceable.
45% : "Serious violence related to the armed conflict in Libya, particularly in and around Tripoli, has regrettably not abated," said Fatou Bensouda, the Court's Chief Prosecutor, in her Office's nineteenth report following referral of the situation to the Court.
43% : Voicing support for a Libya-owned, Libya-led political settlement process, he urged the United Nations and regional organizations to continue their mediation efforts and called on all Member States to strictly implement the arms embargo on Libya.
42% : Meanwhile, Mr. al-Werfalli is believed to be under the command of General Haftar, who has neither facilitated an arrest nor ensured genuine investigation and prosecution.
41% : Only a political solution and the restoration of the rule of law can put an end to the Libyan crisis and avoid a further degradation on the ground," she said, calling on the parties to cease hostilities and urgently engage in a United Nations-led dialogue.
41% : "International criminal justice continues to rely on collective effort," he stressed, urging all States -- including those that are not party to the Rome Statute -- to fully cooperate with the Court.
40% : " Calling on the parties to cease hostilities and enable joint efforts to combat COVID-19, he turned to the Prosecutor's work, noting that several parties to the Libyan armed conflict appear to go unnoticed and "apparently excused".
38% : The representative of the United Kingdom said it is particularly appalling that health-care facilities continue to be targeted in Libya at a time when countries are facing an unprecedented shared threat.
37% : , she described the Appeals Chamber's decision as an important evolution of international law, determining that amnesty measures which prevent prosecution or punishment for crimes against humanity are inconsistent with international law and run counter to the purposes of the Rome Statute.
34% : Because the domestic proceedings against Mr. Qadhafi are not final, Libyan law stipulates that he must be re-tried should he surrender himself.
32% : Underscoring Libya's obligation to arrest and surrender him
31% : Libya is obligated to ensure accountability for crimes committed in its territory, he said, calling on the international community to help empower national judicial authorities and warning the Court to avoid disarming the competent Libyan officials from invoking their jurisdiction.
30% : Reiterating calls for compliance with the arms embargo, he said the weapons pouring into Libya "not only contribute to prolonging the Libyan conflict, but also fuel other sources of insecurity, as is the case in the Sahel and the Lake Chad Basin".
30% : Echoing calls for progress on the peace process amid efforts to combat COVID-19, he raised concerns about ongoing fighting alongside reports of abductions and crimes against migrants.
29% : He called on the Libyan authorities and the Prosecutor's Office to continue investigations aimed at establishing responsibility and providing justice to victims, including for crimes that targeted migrants.
25% : Reiterating the importance of dialogue over warfare, he said the parties should cease hostilities in the spirit of Ramadan, uphold their international legal commitments and allow unhindered humanitarian access to those in need.
25% : Peace talks should resume under the three political, security and economic tracks, with support activities conducted through remote means if necessary.
23% : The continued escalation of violence in Libya with total impunity -- including attacks against civilians and civilian infrastructure -- demonstrate why the Court is needed more than ever.
22% : The United States rejects any foreign military intervention in Libya and supports a rapid return to a political process.
12% : However, Mr. Qadhafi has so far made no effort to surrender himself and is a wilful fugitive.

*Our bias meter rating uses data science including sentiment analysis, machine learning and our proprietary algorithm for determining biases in news articles. The rating is an independent analysis and is not affiliated nor sponsored by the news source or any other organization

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